Wine recognition dataset (Nearest-Neighbor Machine Learning Bakeoff)

Brief information from theĀ UC Irvine Machine Learning Repository:

  • Donated by Stefan Aeberhard
  • Using chemical analysis determine the origin of wines
  • 13 attributes (all continuous), 3 classes, no missing values
  • 178 instances
  • Ftp Access
1. Title of Database: Wine recognition data
2. Sources:
   (a) Forina, M. et al, PARVUS - An Extendible Package for Data
       Exploration, Classification and Correlation. Institute of Pharmaceutical
       and Food Analysis and Technologies, Via Brigata Salerno, 
       16147 Genoa, Italy.

   (b) Stefan Aeberhard, email:
   (c) July 1991
3. Past Usage:

   S. Aeberhard, D. Coomans and O. de Vel,
   Comparison of Classifiers in High Dimensional Settings,
   Tech. Rep. no. 92-02, (1992), Dept. of Computer Science and Dept. of
   Mathematics and Statistics, James Cook University of North Queensland.
   (Also submitted to Technometrics).

   The data was used with many others for comparing various 
   classifiers. The classes are separable, though only RDA 
   has achieved 100% correct classification.
   (RDA : 100%, QDA 99.4%, LDA 98.9%, 1NN 96.1% (z-transformed data))
   (All results using the leave-one-out technique)

   In a classification context, this is a well posed problem 
   with "well behaved" class structures. A good data set 
   for first testing of a new classifier, but not very 

   S. Aeberhard, D. Coomans and O. de Vel,
   Tech. Rep. no. 92-01, (1992), Dept. of Computer Science and Dept. of
   Mathematics and Statistics, James Cook University of North Queensland.
   (Also submitted to Journal of Chemometrics).

   Here, the data was used to illustrate the superior performance of
   the use of a new appreciation function with RDA. 

4. Relevant Information:

   -- These data are the results of a chemical analysis of
      wines grown in the same region in Italy but derived from three
      different cultivars.
      The analysis determined the quantities of 13 constituents
      found in each of the three types of wines. 

   -- I think that the initial data set had around 30 variables, but 
      for some reason I only have the 13 dimensional version. 
      I had a list of what the 30 or so variables were, but a.) 
      I lost it, and b.), I would not know which 13 variables
      are included in the set.

5. Number of Instances

      	class 1 59
	class 2 71
	class 3 48

6. Number of Attributes 


7. For Each Attribute:

	All attributes are continuous

	No statistics available, but suggest to standardise
	variables for certain uses (e.g. for us with classifiers
	which are NOT scale invariant)

	NOTE: 1st attribute is class identifier (1-3)

8. Missing Attribute Values:


9. Class Distribution: number of instances per class

      	class 1 59
	class 2 71
	class 3 48

Further information from one of the authors of the wine database:

Date: Mon, 9 Mar 1998 15:44:07 GMT
From: (Riccardo Leardi)
Subject: wines

Dear Michael,
I'm one of the authors of PARVUS.
I saw your site and the reference to the data set wines.
Therefore, I think it could be interesting for you to know the names of the 
variables (from the 27 original ones):

1) Alcohol
2) Malic acid
3) Ash
4) Alcalinity of ash
5) Magnesium
6) Total phenols
7) Flavanoids
8) Nonflavanoid phenols
9) Proanthocyanins
10)Color intensity
12)OD280/OD315 of diluted wines

If you are interested, I can send you by snail mail the original paper 
(please send me your address).

Best regards
Riccardo Leardi